عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The present paper aims at discussing the possibility of formalizing the sense relation of hyponymy. In order to do so, the research applies mathematical tools borrowed from set theory and algebra. Firstly, it goes over the definitions of the sense relation in question presented in linguistic dictionaries and also semantics’ text books. The definitions show that hyponymy between two words might be based on type, time or both. That is an important feature of hyponymy which the present research takes into account while trying to introduce a formal translation. Next, the paper presents a formal expression corresponding the sense relation of hyponymy, mostly using the fundamental concepts from set theory such a subset, conjunction, disjunction, etc. Finally, the efficiency and correctness of the introduced formal translations is going to be examined using some examples of natural language which is Farsi in this case. The expression proves to be consistent with what we expect according to the way hyponymy works in natural language.